Editing a Short Film

It is hard to editing a short film as well as it can be a good manner to swiftly and concisely exhibit your abilities as an editor. With 5 or 10 minutes of editing, what you will be able to accomplish can say in excess of a footage of two hours since the canvas is so much smaller for storytelling and good editing. Not just for directors but editors also, short film works extremely well as an excellent calling card for anyone who wants to break into the film industry. As such, you should consider any project for editing a short film as a type of job application. It is a showcase of your work and something you can use to show producers or directors how skillfully you understand the medium of film, and make them want to see what you could do with a larger canvas.

A very vital factor when editing a short film is deciding the work purpose and how your editing can boost the atmosphere of the work or storytelling. Case in point, you are tasked to edit a new director’s work so here you can emphasize his or her competent directing skills and abilities in crafting a brilliantly constructed borrow a piece. There is a chance that you could damage the total flow of the piece and editing a short film depends on your job abilities to augment the director’s work. Furthermore, if are the one directing, then it would rather be more straightforward since you already know the purpose of your work.

You simply want to be certain that anything you do is in keeping with that purpose, while also exhibiting your work as an editor. This suggests that you want to trim as much off of the movie as possible, this as well helps since it should be a short film in any case and therefore, is intended to be smaller in scale than a feature film. When someone watches the film, they may not immediately notice your work, but eventually you want audiences to recognize that the editing has been done by someone with an expert eye for detail and understanding of narrative flow within a film. Be certain to control the pacing of the short film effectively and make the final work a perfect showcase for the abilities of all involved with the production – from the beginning until the visual effects. Editing a short film is like storytelling with a narrow focus and compelling every shot and cut work in service to the story.


Creating Working Relationships in the Film Industry

The nature of filmmaking tends to create instantly close relationships. You share the drama, the trauma, the madness and the magic of creating images and stories that move people. It isn’t hard to keep the relationships up once “that’s a wrap,” but it does take simple effort. Projects change, companies move, people freelance around. You can quickly get forgotten if you don’t keep yourself in touch.


Pamela Jaye Smith has collaborated over 20 years in the film business as a consultant, producer, writer and director of features, TV, commercials, documentaries and corporate films. Pamela’s MYTHWORKS is a consultation and information service featuring “Applied Mythology” and the “Physics of Metaphysics.” MYTHWORKS offers seminars, lectures and classes for filmmakers, including the UCLA Writers Extension Program. She consults with organizations and individuals re-designing themselves, their images and/or careers.


She had this to say about building relationships in the film business. “When I moved to Hollywood I got a job the first day I went looking and spent six weeks at a script-typing service, which was great to learn format and see who was doing what in stories.”


Then, Pamela tracked down some contacts she made while she worked on a film for Paramount Pictures back in her home state of Texas. “I had the good fortune of getting a job with a new production company headed by someone I’d met there on location. So networking was everything there.


And by the way, I’d gotten the job as Location Casting Director for Paramount through the Texas Film Commission in Austin. If you’re not quite ready to move to Hollywood, at least start working on productions in your area so you begin to build your network.


“On my own I applied for and got work at Universal Studios where I was in production for four years on TV series, “Movies of the Week,” and features. Contacts from those years have lasted for a very long time and I still do business with some of the same people as we’ve all moved along in our careers. Some are among my very best friends and we consider each other family.” One of the best ways to develop lasting relationships is to work on a project by joining an industry or professional trade association, such as Women In Film (WIF), Northern California Writers and Artists, Independent Feature Producer’s West, International Documentary Association (IDA) and College Alumni Associations. It’s a good networking device, plus there’s an inherent tendency to hire “one’s own” when it comes to the film schools or state loyalties. According to Pamela Jaye Smith, her educational institution, the University of Texas at Austin, has great alumni. Probably so do other schools.

Selling your house privately online?

Sell your house privately on the web

There are several very important points to take care of when selling your home privately.

Is your house being marketed properly ?

You have to ensure that when selling your house privately that all of the photographs are the best they can possibly be. If you are selling your house online, the photos have to be top quality. It may well be worth investing in a photographer who can come when the weather is good to ensure the best photos are taken.

Is your house being offered on the web?

There are many sites which can help you sell your home but a lot are available to only professionals.

The House Network  provide a service to submit your house to these sites and take photos.

Can you ORGANISE specific times to show your property ?

If you have a very busy schedule and you cannot organise a lot of visitors in order to sell your home, you might want to organise an Open day. If you put up signs in your local area on poles and trees, this may attract potential purchasers.

Can your potential purchasers buy your house for cash?

Once you have found a potential purchaser, do not agree to sell them the house unless they can buy your house for cash. Cash doesn’t mean a suitcase full of money! Just that they have all the finance in place and can proceed with the purchase.

You might want to get them to speak to your financial advisor or accountant to prove that they have the funds to purchase.

After your house has been successfully sold, it’s time to organize your move to your new home. Hiring a moving company might be a good idea to make this process easier and stress-free.

Why Hire an Article Writer for Your Website?

Good web writers are worth their weight in gold!

Why Hire an Article Writer for Your Website?

Ensuring websites are kept up to date with an ongoing supply of high quality, interesting material is no mean feat. It has become common for sites to commission freelance writers to take responsibility for their article writing.

Why Hire an Article Writer?

An entrepreneur who owns a startup may think of writing articles for his website but after exhausting initial ideas for articles,  it is hard to keep up with the pace.

If you are serious about using content as a marketing strategy to help your startup grow, you will need to have an assortment of interesting articles to give your site credibility and integrity. Sites displaying a few, low quality articles with awkwardly embedded keywords will appear to potential customers and clients as a blatant marketing ploy as opposed to offering something informative and of value on their site.

The quality of articles on sites varies greatly. Some owners succumb to hiring cheap labor which often results in low quality articles written in the second language of the author.

Article writing is a cheap but effective marketing option and it may prove counterproductive to cut corners. Remember the old adage that goes, “If a job’s worth doing, it’s worth doing well.”

What a Content Writer Can Offer You

Why Hire an Article Writer for Your Website? - increase web traffic and sal

Content writers are a great resource for your site. They can offer you the following:

  • An understanding of how to structure an article. This will take into account the need to make your article ‘keyword rich’, grammatically correct, and written in the appropriate format.
  • The ‘know-how’ to grab the attention of readers. Professional writers understand that articles need to have an attention grabbing headline in order to market a business and attract traffic. Allow them the discretion to alter any titles you provide as they will be adept at making articles enticing to both your readers and search engines.
  • Experience of how to seamlessly embed keywords throughout each article to ensure search engine optimization. There are particular parts of an article which search engines are geared up to read and experienced web content writers are aware of the prime places that keywords need to appear. Their natural desire to create free flowing copy also enables them to weave in keywords in a natural way so that articles don’t appear contrived.
  • The ability to write in a range of styles. You should have a diverse range of articles on your site. The tone of the articles should match the subject matter and the style should vary to ensure an interesting range is created. Articles could be informative, promotional, anecdotal, and instructional, among others. A good writer can provide articles in a variety of styles.
  • Knowledge of the trade. When providing a brief to a content writer, be sure to encourage and heed their feedback. Good writers will make suggestions for title changes and may even propose a slight refocus on the scope of the article. Article writers understand their market and want to work in partnership with you to make your site successful. Consider their suggestions carefully while providing inputs as well.

Why Hire an Article Writer for Your Website? - maximize SEO

Using the services of professional writer will boost the quality of your content. Cleverly written content maximizes search engine optimization, resulting in quality traffic being driven to your website.

How People Spread the Word About the Climate March

100-Possible-Share-Graphic-FINALDid you ever wonder how they got over 25,000 to participate in the climate march on November 29, 2015? Well, the organizers succeeded to get hordes of people involved in order to send a strong and compelling message to Ottawa’s policymakers. Their belief was that if all those who were interested in the event told 10 people, and those who learned about the event told 5 more people who told 5 others, then approximately 250 people will be informed about it. That’s how grassroots organizing works and precisely how they met their goals, trumping oil companies with virtually unlimited budgets for advertising and PR.

They also launched Facebook campaigns that encouraged interested parties to RSVP to the event and then share it to their friends and contacts on Facebook.

The Availability of 100% POSSIBLE Visual Materials

The organizers also provided a style guide for those who wanted to create their own visual materials for the event. All the information needed to create an effective visual material was provided, from fonts to logos and colours. Below are examples of what was available then.


100% Possible Cover Photo

Workshops were also held in select venues in Ottawa, Toronto, Montreal, and Gatineau days before the march so interested individuals and groups can learn how to make their own placards and banners.

Call for Volunteers

Organizing the climate march was very challenging so the organizers had to rely on volunteers. They welcomed anyone willing to help out during the march as well as the day before the event. All volunteers had to do was complete and contact form and someone from the organizing team reached out to them.

The Renewable Future

The Renewable Future
Renewable energy is the future of cheap universal power delivery and as the effects of global warming become ever more apparent it is the only choice.

The age of fossil fuels is coming to an end. Gone are the days when humanity could endlessly plunder the limited resources of the Earth without thought or care of the consequences. The coal and oil that has fueled civilization from the industrial age onwards are finite resources. Not only this but it is now beyond doubt that our use of these fuels to power our ambitious march forward is causing immense damage to the planet in the form of anthropogenic climate change. Damage that, if not rectified soon, will significantly impair our ability to continue functioning on Earth.

All is not lost however, for there are greater sources of energy than the carbon rich remnants of life long past. We can harness the wind and the waves, geothermal vents and the very sun that has sustained life on Earth for many millions of years.

renewable energy - Photovoltaic solar cells

Renewable energy sources are abundant and all around us, they do not have a finite supply and the environmental impact of utilizing them to power our cities is minuscule. Photovoltaic solar cells convert light from the sun into electrical energy. Wind farms use grand windmills to harness the wind in turning a turbine that produces kinetic energy and then convert this to electricity. Wave generators make similar use of the movement of the waves, converting the kinetic energy into usable electricity.

Geothermal power stations harness heat released from deep within the earth. Solar thermal plants use an array of mirrors to concentrate light from the sun on a single point, heating a mass of salt to a molten state. As this salt cools in the night it continues to produce energy even in the absence of the sun. Further in the future, we may fit satellites with solar arrays and transfer the energy harnessed in this way back to a receiving point on earth via a microwave beam.

Change is never an easy process, and a great deal of change is required in this world if we want to stave off the environmentally catastrophic global warming to come. Renewable energy provides a change in the right direction, a means to continue our technological development without continuing to pollute and destroy the planet.

Energy from the sun, the wind, the waves and the heat of the Earth can provide cheap reliable power to all, its implementation in impoverished nations can help to catapult the living standards of the globe’s poor into the modern era. With the provision of cheap energy, impoverished people can have access to education, food and modern medical care. There is no reason to oppose renewable energy implementation that stands up to scrutiny. A world powered by renewable energy is one that has avoided the worst dangers of climate change and very simply a better place to live.

100% Possible Climate March in Ottawa

100% Possible March in Ottawa - environmental protection

Do you know what happened in downtown Ottawa on November 29, 2015?

People gathered in downtown Ottawa on November 29, 2015 for a fun and friendly march at Parliament Hill. Attended by individuals, groups, and families, the event was held right before the UN Climate Summit in Paris, France. People were celebrating climate solutions and encouraged the Canadian government to be more proactive about climate change.

The march – 100% Possible: Marching for Climate Solutions and Justice – is just one of the many similar events organized around the globe that time. It was the flagship event in Canada and lasted for more than 3 hours at Parliament Hill, Ottawa’s seat of government.

100% Possible March in Ottawa - clean economy

Participants came all wearing green, the color that symbolizes renewable energy, hope, and the environment in general. Everyone got creative with what they wore to the event and there were flyers, banners, and posters all designed to encourage participation and collaboration for nature’s sake because a clean economy, especially in Canada, is 100% possible.

100% Possible March in Ottawa - Parliament Hill

The city of Ottawa, barely two hours from Montreal and about 4 hours from Toronto, is easy to get to. The event was well attended because buses were available to shuttle participants to and from Ottawa.  Due to the availability of transportation, more people signed up for the event, making it a huge success.

What and When is Earth Hour?

An International Event to Promote Energy Conservation

Earth Hour is a worldwide event that brings together many people and countries in the name of saving energy and going green.

In late March each year, the Earth goes dark in honor of the annual worldwide Earth Hour. Countries all over the world will darken buildings landmarks and homes in an effort to conserve energy and provide a sense of unity in a world becoming more energy conscious and climate-aware. This event occurs just under four weeks before Earth Day on April 22nd – an entire day that is devoted to going green.

The First Earth Hour

The first Earth Hour took place in Sydney, Australia in March of 2007. More than two million locations in the city went dark for the event.The trend caught on and had the participation of 35 countries by the next year. It has since been adopted by multiple countries and cities all over the world. In 2010, 125 countries are expected to participate in Earth Hour including China, the U.S., Australia, France, Italy and many more.

In addition to countries, some U.S. states are officially supporting Earth Hour 2010 including Florida, Illinois, and Pennsylvania. After Earth Hour is completed, searches soar on search engines for “Earth Hour Satellite Images” and “Earth Hour Watts.” Pictures are plastered across blogs and news stations broadcasting the images of many famous landmarks and government buildings (including the Vatican) with their lights off. The images are used to encourage viewers and participants to pursue more energy-conservative lifestyles on a daily basis.

Famous Landmarks Turning Off Lights for Earth Hour

In addition to homes, governments, and businesses, many famous landmarks are turning off the lights for Earth Hour in a symbolic effort of unity and energy conservatism. Some of these famous landmarks include the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Eiffel Tower of Paris, the Forbidden City in Beijing, London Bridge, the Empire State Building and numerous hotels along the Las Vegas Strip.

How to Participate in Earth Hour

In order to participate in Earth Hour, one need only turn off their lights at 8:30 p.m. local time. The lights should be left off for a full 60 minutes. For a more dramatic effect, all appliances can be unplugged, water can be turned off and a person can elect to not eat meat for a day.

For those looking to make energy conservation a more permanent goal, dimmer switches can be easily installed to lower wattage consumption. Incandescent light bulbs can be switched with CFLs, public transportation can be used instead of cars, and appliances and windows can be upgraded to more energy efficient models.


Global Warming – The Facts

Prove It – A Science Museum Exhibition Examining Climate Change

A London’s Science Museum exhibit examines the evidence behind the causes and effects of global climate change and the debates on its mitigation.

Despite great global efforts to prove human activity has made a significant impact on the climate change the world is experiencing, there are still those who doubt the validity of this fact. In the UK, where the government has taken a lead in pledging to combat global warming, a recent ICM poll showed a third of the country’s voters still believe global warming is mostly due to natural forces rather than human activity.

As a means of convincing the doubters, as well as informing those interested in climate change, London’s Science Museum has put together a summary of the evidence behind climate change. It has drawn on the knowledge of a range of experts, to give authoritative and timely insight into climate science and prediction, as well as the wider issues and debates arising from climate change.

For those unable to make it to the exhibition, the Prove It (sciencemuseum.org.uk) website provides access to this informative and engaging look at climate change.

The Science of Global Warming

Since the industrial revolution in the 1700s, typified by the widespread use of fossil fuels, global temperatures have made a leap of 0.75 degrees Celsius. This provided the first indication that human activity is linked to global warming. This exhibition gives a succinct summary of how scientists study climate change. Global temperature records dating back to 1659 have been used in conjunction with cutting-edge techniques to chart the rise of global temperatures. Using the clear link between the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and global temperatures, trapped carbon dioxide in ice and fossilized pollen have helped build a picture of temperatures millions of years ago. The exhibition gives a clear explanation of how this data has been used to help build computer models to predict the future of climate change.

The Effects and Causes of Global Warming

Given the vast information on climate change, the exhibition does well to distill it down to the fundamental basics underlying climate change. The points made are backed up by examples which highlight the key causes and effects of climate change.

In simple terms, global warming is caused by solar radiation being trapped in the earth’s atmosphere by greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, rather than being reflected back into space. This radiation is then re-emitted to warm the earth’s surface. Human activity has caused a rise in the number of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

Various examples of these activities are given as follows:

  • The burning of fossil fuels such as oil, coal, and gas gives off carbon dioxide.
  • Breeding livestock such as cows produces methane.
  • Rice fields produce methane when materials rot underwater.
  • Rotting rubbish at landfill sites produces methane.

The effects of climate change already being observed are also explained and include the following:

  • Changing rainfall patterns.
  • More common and intense extreme weather, such as droughts and hurricanes.
  • Rising sea levels.
  • Melting Arctic Ice.
  • Migration of species.

Fighting Global Warming

Fighting global warming has led to endless debates on what is the best course of action to take in order to mitigate future disasters. It is an area fraught with complexities but the exhibition neatly condenses the key arguments into a comprehensible summary.

The importance of rainforests, the effect on human rights, and what action needs to be taken to avoid reaching a tipping point are all covered. An up-to-date discussion of the impact climate change has on economic prosperity is particularly thought-provoking. Some economists have proposed that governments have a responsibility to invest in new green technologies. This would help mitigate the disastrous effects of climate change, while simultaneously supporting economies.

The recent Copenhagen Climate Change Conference was the largest concerted global effort to come up with a legally binding agreement to combat climate change. However, the talks encountered several stumbling blocks and its outcome fell far short of expectations.

The exhibition outlines the points of agreement and those of contention that arose at the conference. While it was agreed that the temperature rise since the industrial revolution should not be allowed to exceed two degrees Celsius, no specific targets were laid down. The need for developed countries to help poorer countries to adapt to and mitigate climate change was agreed to be of paramount importance.

Summary – Climate Change Exhibition

This exhibition provides a comprehensive guide to all the key issues relating to climate change. Not only is the evidence behind climate change given but the procedures scientists use to study climate change are explained. This adds to the weight of the evidence presented.

The effects, causes, and wider consequences are discussed as are the methods for mitigating against and adapting to climate change. An eye-opening account of the global efforts to fight global warming rounds up this fascinating and educative exhibition.

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

The Role of Emissions Trading Systems

Completion of phase one of the European Emissions Trading System brings valuable lessons for designing an effective strategy to control global climate change.

With mounting evidence of rapid global warming, few now question the urgent need to control and reduce the world’s production of greenhouse gases. The big question is whether and by what means a rapid reduction can be achieved without major disruption to economic, social and political stability. Can emissions trading systems help?

The Greenhouse Effect

Greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide trap solar radiation within the atmosphere and play a key role in maintaining global temperatures. A stable proportion of greenhouse gases helps to stabilise average temperatures around the world. But an increase in the proportion of these gases will contribute to an increase in temperatures.

After much debate, most scientists now believe that a spiral of increasing greenhouse gases and increasing global temperatures is underway, and that greenhouse gases produced by human activity are largely responsible. A continuation of recent rates of change will have alarming consequences within the lifetime of many of us, with more extreme effects further in the future.

Measures taken so far have had little effect on slowing the changes that are occurring. Indeed, each new piece of evidence seems to show that changes in the natural world are happening faster than previously thought. If the scientific consensus is correct, the need for significant changes in our approach to controlling emissions is becoming increasingly urgent.

Cap and Trade

Emissions trading is an essential component of the Kyoto Protocol, an almost complete global agreement on tackling climate change to which 175 countries are now committed.

The idea of “cap and trade” emissions trading is to put a limit, or cap, on the emissions allowed by each individual emitter within the system; to reduce that cap each year; to monitor each individual’s actual emissions; and to allow emitters to trade their emissions allocations, buying more if they need them, and selling their right to emit if they can adopt technologies and work practices to reduce their emissions below their allowance.

A Price for Emissions

Trading, therefore, creates a price for emissions, measured for example in euros per ton of carbon dioxide. Reducing the overall cap each year applies upward pressure to the price, creating a greater financial pressure to emit less.

The effect of the system is to allow the market to play a key role in allocating among all emitters a steadily decreasing total right to emit greenhouse gases. Supporters believe that harnessing market forces is both fairer and more effective than allowing politicians and bureaucrats to decide how the burden of reducing emissions should be shared.

The EU Emissions Trading System

Of several examples around the world, the European Emissions Trading System is the largest for CO2 emissions. In its first phase from 2005 to 2007, it covered 11,000 installations in 25 countries, responsible for 30 per cent of Europe’s greenhouse gases. Its experience during this trial period provides valuable lessons.

In some respects, the system has worked as intended. It contributes to a growing international carbon emissions market that Oslo-based consultancy Point Carbon estimates will be worth $92 billion in 2008. Early in 2008, an independent Ecofys study concluded that the system has reduced emissions in Europe by about seven percent compared to what they would have been without the system.

But even if this estimated reduction is correct it is far from enough to reduce emissions by 21 percent below 2005 levels by 2020, the EU target which may itself be too modest to meet nature’s challenge.

Setting Emissions Allowances

Among many criticisms, during its first phase, the European ETS was crippled by the over the generous allocation of emissions limits, resulting from fierce lobbying by industries and nations. Therefore the system has not yet created a carbon price that is high and stable enough to influence companies’ investment decisions. After peaking at almost €30 per tonne in 2005 carbon prices collapsed late in 2007, temporarily neutralising the intended pressures to cut emissions.

In its forthcoming second phase, from 2008 to 2012, the European ETS will broaden its scope within Europe, taking in the aviation industry by 2010; set national caps centrally rather than trusting each country to set its own limit; auction emission permits rather than issuing them free of charge; include other greenhouse gases as well as CO2; and open itself to emissions trading with non-EU countries within the framework of the Kyoto Protocol.

Thus the potential effectiveness of the European ETS should increase significantly. But if this potential is to be realised the first requirement is to resist demands for emissions caps above the levels dictated by science. Doing so will go a long way towards determining whether Europe and the world will reduce greenhouse gas emissions enough, and in time. The stakes could hardly be higher.